Niedax – The Niedax Group joins as a strategic partner in the expansion of the fiber glass network in Germany


Our company has agreed a strategic partnership with GIGA FIBER GmbH to promote the expansion of the fiber glass network in Germany. 


As part of this partnership, the Niedax Group has acquired a 10 percent stake in the project development specialist GIGA FIBER.


The common goal of the financially strong company is to expand a secure, resilient and high-performance fiber glass network along railways and other transportation routes over a distance of around 33,000 km.

By 2029, GIGA FIBER will also build and operate 16,500 mobile communications systems at 2 km intervals for 5G and the future-oriented 6G network, as well as WiFi facilities and radio transmission systems along the railroad network.

To seal the partnership, the two companies carried out a trial installation of fiber glass cables in a private section of track near the train station in Linz on the Rhine. This successfully demonstrated how two fiber glass cables and a power cable can be successfully laid in the immediate vicinity of the station using a cable tray from the Niedax Group.

GIGA FIBER founder and majority shareholder Lars Diebold explains:
“The strategic partnership between GIGA FIBER and the Niedax Group marks an important milestone on the way to a secure digital infrastructure in Germany. Niedax and GIGA FIBER complement each other perfectly: With the Niedax Group, we not only have a global innovation leader for cable management technology on board as a general contractor for our ambitious expansion projects, but we have also gained a financially strong strategic shareholder for our rapidly growing project development company. The Niedax Group was the strategic partner of choice for us.”


Bruno Reufels, CEO Niedax Group, says:
“The faltering fiber glass expansion in Germany needs both: an ambitious, dynamic project developer and an innovative implementer with the highest level of technical expertise and the necessary manpower. We therefore see the partnership as a win-win-win constellation for GIGA FIBER, the Niedax Group and the digital infrastructure in Germany. As a company that is over 100 years old, we have set ourselves the goal of significantly exceeding the EUR 1 billion mark in sales by the end of 2024. The new partnership will also contribute to this.”


The upcoming expansion projects in 2024 include a first reference route over 170 km in Brandenburg, which will demonstrate the maximum security requirements for fiber glass network expansion as proof of concept. Around 90 additional radio masts are already being built here. In addition, the two partners will jointly implement a 60 km route with around 30 radio masts in the Frankfurt/Main area to ensure a significant contribution to the secure and resilient connection of the financial sector.

Giga Fiber Niedax

From left to right: Lars Diebold, Founder and Shareholder Gigafiber, Bruno Reufels, CEO Niedax Group and Alexander Horn, Managing Director and Shareholder Niedax Group



EMR Analysis

More information on Niedax Group: See the full profile on EMR Executive Services

More information on Bruno Reufels (Chairman of the Management Board & Chief Executive Officer, Niedax Group): See the full profile on EMR Executive Services

More information on Alexander Horn (Managing Director, Technology, Research & Development + Member of the Executive Board, Niedax Group): See the full profile on EMR Executive Services


More information on GIGA FIBER GmbH: + Digitalizing Germany and making it future-proof. 

That is our goal. How do we do this? Thanks to the nationally available GIGA FIBER fiber optic network, private house connections and high-speed internet.

All this for exactly: €0. No connection fee and no monthly tariff costs.* This is what we are committed to. With passion and pioneering spirit.

GIGA FIBER makes free fiber optics available throughout Germany – including in your region: With the GIGA FIBER fiber optic house connection, you can secure a fiber optic line directly to your home thanks to Fiber To The Home (FTTH).

In the GIGA FIBER fiber optic network you can surf directly at speeds of up to 1,000 MBit/s – both in download and upload.*

*Fiber optic connection with up to 250 Mbit/s without monthly costs only available when using the free payment provider from GIGA FIBER.

More information on Lars Diebold (Founder and Majority Shareholder, GIGA FIBER GmbH): 

More information on Jörg Müller (Chief Executive Officer, GIGA FIBER GmbH): + 





EMR Additional Notes: 

  • Optical Cable:
    • An optical cable transfers audio digitally, but instead of copper wire, light is used. This is a variation of fiber optics, which is used in a variety of applications.
    • The biggest difference between Optical Cables and HDMI is that HDMI can pass higher-resolution audio, including the formats found on Blu-ray: Dolby TrueHD and DTS HD Master Audio. These formats can’t get transmitted across optical. In terms of simplicity, HDMI also passes video signals.


  • Types of Network Cabling:
    • Coaxial Cable:
      • Coaxial cables or coax, have a single copper conductor at the center, while a plastic layer provides insulation between the center conductor and braided metal shield. The metal shield blocks outside interference from fluorescent lights, motors, and other computers.
    • Twisted Pair:
      • Twisted pair uses copper wires that are, as the name suggests, twisted together in pairs. The twist effect of each pair in the cables ensures any interference presented or picked up on one cable is canceled by the cable’s partner that twists around the initial cable. Twisting the two wires also reduces the electromagnetic radiation emitted by the circuit.
        • Shielded Twisted Pair (STP) Cable:
          • In STP, copper wires are first covered by plastic insulation. A metal shield, which consists of metal foil or braid, surrounds the bundle of insulated pairs. Where electromagnetic radiation is a serious issue, each pair of wires may be individually shielded in addition to the outer shield. This is known as foil twisted pair (FTP).
        • Unshielded Twisted Pair (UTP) Cable:
          • UTP cables typically contain four pairs of copper wires, with each pair containing two wires twisted together. These pairs are covered by plastic insulation. They do not have any shielding and just have an outer jacket.
          • Most categories of twisted-pair cables are available as UTP. But some newer categories are also available in combinations of shielded, foil shielded and unshielded.
    • Fiber Optic Cable:
      • Fiber optic cables consist of a thin optical fiber surrounded by cladding. Cladding is made from glass that is less pure than the core and has a lower refractive index than the core. The difference in refractive indices causes light to be reflected at the boundary. Additional layers, such as the buffer layer and jacket layer, surround the cladding to add strength and protect the cable against damage.
      • Data rates have increased throughout the network, and in some cases, fiber optics is the only option. While Cat8 twisted-pair cables can carry up to 40 Gbps of data, fiber supports data rates up to 400 Gbps.
      • Fiber has a low error rate. Network data is encoded in a light beam. Unlike with twisted-pair cables, the light beam neither generates nor is affected by electronic interference. Additionally, multiple frequency data streams can be multiplexed over a single fiber to increase the total data rate.


  • FTTx:
    • Fiber to the Home (FTTH), Fiber to the Building (FTTB), Fiber to the Premises (FTTP) and Fiber to the Curb (FTTC), termed as FTTx are various technology and deployment options developed to enable reach of fiber as close to the user location as possible to provide high speed data and voice services.
    • Fiber to the home (FTTH) is the delivery of a communications signal over optical fiber from the operator’s switching equipment all the way to a home or business, thereby replacing existing copper infrastructure such as telephone wires and coaxial cable.
    • FTTP and FTTH are two different abbreviations for the same thing. FTTP stands for ‘fibre to the premises’ and FTTH stands for ‘fibre to the home’. … Unlike FTTC, FTTP broadband is delivered via fibre-optic cables not only as far as the cabinet, but across the entire span to your home or business.
    • Fiber-optic cables are less susceptible to glitches than traditional copper wires and can withstand the shock and vibration from inclement weather. FTTH is considered “future proof” and offers the flexibility to deliver additional services in the years to come.



  • Key Differences Between Copper Cable and Fiber Optics:
    • Data transmission speed of a fiber cable is comparatively more than that of copper cable. Copper cables are nearly 31% slower in data transmission than fiber cable.
    • A copper cable transmits the data through it in the form of electrical pulse i.e., due to the movement of electrons. As against in a fiber optics, the data transmission is the result of movement of photons thus it transmits in the form of light pulses.
    • The bandwidth provided by a copper cable is less than that of the fiber optics. Thus, a copper cabling meets the industry standards and provides a performance of up to 10 Gbps.  However, a fiber optics due to its large bandwidth possess better performance of up to 60 Tbps and above.
    • The energy consumed by a copper cable during its operation is somewhat greater than 10W but on the other side, fiber optics consumes less energy i.e., around 2W per user.
    • The lifespan of a copper wire is approximately 5 years as it gets easily affected by temperature variations and other environmental factors. However, fiber optics possess a lifespan of 30 to 50 years.
    • As fiber optics are difficult to be tapped as compared to copper cables thus proves advantageous from the security point of view. Due to this reason fiber optics are widely used for data transmission at present time.
    • A fiber optics allows transmission of data at a much faster rate as compared to copper cable.
    • The installation and maintenance cost of a fiber cable is more than copper cable.



  • 4G, 5G and 6G: 5G is the 5th generation mobile network. It is a new global wireless standard after 1G, 2G, 3G, and 4G networks.
    • 5G enables a new kind of network that is designed to connect virtually everyone and everything together including machines, objects, and devices.
      • First generation – 1G
        1980s: 1G delivered analog voice.
      • Second generation – 2G
        Early 1990s: 2G introduced digital voice (e.g. CDMA- Code Division Multiple Access).
      • Third generation – 3G
        Early 2000s: 3G brought mobile data (e.g. CDMA2000).
      • Fourth generation – 4G LTE
        2010s: 4G LTE ushered in the era of mobile broadband.
    • 5G has started hitting the market end of 2018 and will continue to expand worldwide.
    • Beyond speed improvement, the technology is expected to unleash a massive 5G IoT (Internet of Things) ecosystem where networks can serve comm
    • 5G speed tops out at 10 gigabits per second (Gbps).
      • 5G is 10 to x100 faster than what you can get with 4G.
    • The main evolution compared with today’s 4G and 4.5G (aka LTE advanced, LTE-A, LTE+ or 4G+) is that, beyond data speed improvements, new IoT and critical communication use cases will require a new level of improved performance.
      • For example, low latency provides real-time interactivity for services using the cloud: this is key to the success of self-driving cars, for example.
      • 5G vs 4G also means at least x100 devices connected. 5G must be able to support 1 million devices for 0.386 square miles or 1 km2.
      • Also, low power consumption is what will allow connected objects to operate for months or years without the need for human assistance.
      • Unlike current IoT services that make performance trade-offs to get the best from current wireless technologies (3G, 4G, Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, Zigbee, etc.), 5G networks will be designed to bring the level of performance needed for massive IoT.
    • 6G (sixth-generation wireless) is the successor to 5G cellular technology. 6G networks will be able to use higher frequencies than 5G networks and provide substantially higher capacity and much lower latency. One of the goals of the 6G internet is to support one microsecond latency communications. This is 1,000 times faster — or 1/1000th the latency — than one millisecond throughput.  
      • The 6G technology market is expected to facilitate large improvements in the areas of imaging, presence technology and location awareness. Working in conjunction with artificial intelligence (AI), the 6G computational infrastructure will be able to identify the best place for computing to occur; this includes decisions about data storage, processing and sharing. 
      • It is important to note that 6G is not yet a functioning technology. While some vendors are investing in the next-generation wireless standard, industry specifications for 6G-enabled network products remain years away. 6G internet is expected to launch commercially in 2030.


  • Wi-Fi and Z-Wave: 
    • A Wi-Fi network is simply an internet connection that’s shared with multiple devices in a home or business via a wireless router. The router is connected directly to your internet modem and acts as a hub to broadcast the internet signal to all your Wi-Fi enabled devices.
    • Wi-Fi, which most of us are familiar with, operates on either 2.4 GHz or 5 GHz frequencies, providing wireless internet to any connected devices. Z-Wave operates on a much lower frequency — between 800 and 900 MHz — and is primarily for home automation.
    • Wi-Fi 2nd Gen: The Standard IEEE 802.11a is referred as WiFi 2. This WiFi Standard is successor to IEEE 802.11b (i.e. WiFi 1). This is the first wifi standard in which multi carrier modulation scheme i.e. OFDM has been introduced to support high data rates unlike single carrier used in wifi-1. The 2.4 GHz frequency of the wifi router offers the wifi user a wide coverage area and is better at penetrating solid objects with a usable speed of 50 -70 Mbps (subject to real world scenarios).
    • If you want better range, use 2.4 GHz. If you need higher performance or speed, use the 5GHz band. The 5GHz band, which is the newer of the two, has the potential to cut through network clutter and interference to maximize network performance.
    • Z-Wave operates on a completely different wireless frequency that will not conflict with your Wi-Fi network signal. Z-Wave is a mesh technology that strengthens the network with several connected devices. Z-wave is popular as smart-property technology, powering locks, lights, sensors, thermostats, etc.
    • Z-wave uses much less power than WiFi. That means that it’s possible to use battery-powered Z-wave devices without worrying about having to change the batteries frequently. Z-wave is also more secure since it’s more of a closed system and can offer some additional layers of protection.


  • Bluetooth: + Bluetooth® Wireless Technology.
    • One key reason for the incredible success of Bluetooth® technology is the tremendous flexibility it provides developers. Offering two radio options, Bluetooth technology provides developers with a versatile set of full-stack, fit-for-purpose solutions to meet the ever-expanding needs for wireless connectivity.
    • Whether a product streams high-quality audio between a smartphone and speaker, transfers data between a tablet and medical device, or sends messages between thousands of nodes in a building automation solution, the Bluetooth Low Energy (LE) and Bluetooth Classic radios are designed to meet the unique needs of developers worldwide.
  • The Bluetooth Classic radio, also referred to as Bluetooth Basic Rate/Enhanced Data Rate (BR/EDR), is a low power radio that streams data over 79 channels in the 2.4GHz unlicensed industrial, scientific, and medical (ISM) frequency band. Supporting point-to-point device communication, Bluetooth Classic is mainly used to enable wireless audio streaming and has become the standard radio protocol behind wireless speakers, headphones, and in-car entertainment systems. The Bluetooth Classic radio also enables data transfer applications, including mobile printing.
  • The Bluetooth Low Energy (LE) radio is designed for very low power operation. Transmitting data over 40 channels in the 2.4GHz unlicensed ISM frequency band, the Bluetooth LE radio provides developers a tremendous amount of flexibility to build products that meet the unique connectivity requirements of their market. Bluetooth LE supports multiple communication topologies, expanding from point-to-point to broadcast and, most recently, mesh, enabling Bluetooth technology to support the creation of reliable, large-scale device networks. While initially known for its device communications capabilities, Bluetooth LE is now also widely used as a device positioning technology to address the increasing demand for high accuracy indoor location services. Bluetooth LE now includes features that enable one device to determine the presence, distance, and direction of another device.